Hacktivism is the process of using computers and computer networks to promote a political agenda or a social change. The hacktivist group, Anonymous, is one ‘organisation’ (more of a collective) that has achieved a lot in the sphere of hacktivism. Formed in 2004 the symbol of the group is the use of Guy Fawkes masks to cover their faces and today the use of these masks is commonly associated with hackers.
The group started out as a “joke” between like minded people online with their first major action being against the church of Scientology in 2008 after they had a video removed from YouTube that spoke about the church. The group quickly grew from there becoming an international symbol which eventually began targeting governments around the world such as the U.S, Turkey and Uganda as well as multiple large corporations such as PayPal, MasterCard, Sony and Visa exposing various information on these groups practices.